The city was founded by the three-year-old Republic of Texas in 1839 to serve as its permanent capital, and was named in honor of the founder of Anglo-American Texas, Stephen F. In 1839, little Waterloo was chosen to be the capital of the new Republic of Texas. A new city was quickly built in the middle of the desert and named after Stephen F. Austin, the father of Texas.
Judge Edwin Waller, who would later become the city's first mayor, inspected the site and drew up a street plan that has survived virtually intact to this day. In October 1839, the entire government of the Republic arrived from Houston in oxcarts. By January of the following year, the city's population had increased to 856 people. The new urban plan included a hilltop site to build a capitol building with views of the Colorado River from the head of a wide Avenida del Congreso.
Pecan Avenue and Pecan Street (now 6th Street) have remained Austin's main shopping streets for the 1950s years since then. After the annexation of Texas to the United States in 1845, two state elections were needed to keep Austin as the capital. After testing the city-owned electric power, they refused to return; they bought the local private power company, which used steam generators, and the current municipal company Austin Energy is, in a sense, a legacy of the old Austin dam. Austin's fate has been tied to that of the Colorado River for much of its history, not more than in the 1890s.
As a skilled diplomat, Austin served the interests of Anglo-American slave owners by defeating a attempt to prohibit slavery in Texas. The first European settlers in present-day Austin were a group of Spanish friars who arrived from East Texas in July 1730. On December 25, 1871, a new era began with the arrival of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad, the first rail connection to Austin. At the behest of the Chamber of Commerce, the inhabitants of Austin voted in 1924 to adopt a government governed by councilors, which came into effect in 1926 and is still in effect today.
The number of Texas citizens increased and it was an important figure in the struggle between Mexico and the United States for possession. of the territory. In 1839, it was selected by explorers as the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas and renamed in honor of Stephen F. Three years later, Texas took the first steps towards the construction of a new Texas State Capitol, culminating in 1888 with the dedication of a magnificent granite building that stood above the city.
Waller and a team of surveyors developed the first plan for the city of Austin, commonly known as the Waller Plan, dividing the plot of a single square mile into a grid plan of 14 blocks running in both directions. Wooldridge, the citizens of Austin overwhelmingly voted to go into deep debt to build a dam along the river to attract industry manufacturing. During the 1960s alone, the number of students attending the University of Texas at Austin doubled to 39,000 in 1970. Two of the oldest Paleolithic archaeological sites in Texas, the Levi Rock Refuge and the Smith Rock Refuge, are located southwest and southeast of present-day Austin, respectively.
While high-tech industries were located on the outskirts of Austin, office buildings and multi-story hotels sprang up in its central area during the 1970s and 1980s, headquarters for the burgeoning music industry and, in 1992, a new convention center. In 1882, the construction of the Austin campus began with the placement of the cornerstone of the main building. In the early years of the 20th century, African Americans occupied settlements in various parts of the city of Austin.